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Home > Publications > Molecular Profiling Reveals Biologically Discrete Subsets and Pathways of Progression in Diffuse Glioma, 2016

Molecular Profiling Reveals Biologically Discrete Subsets and Pathways of Progression in Diffuse Glioma

Cell 164, 1-14 [doi:10.1016]


Therapy development for adult diffuse glioma is hindered by incomplete knowledge of somatic glioma driving alterations and suboptimal disease classification. We defined the complete set of genes associated with 1,122 diffuse grade II-III-IV gliomas from The Cancer Genome Atlas and used molecular profiles to improve disease classification, identify molecular correlations, and provide insights into the progression from low- to high-grade disease. Whole-genome sequencing data analysis determined that ATRX but not TERT promoter mutations are associated with increased telomere length. Recent advances in glioma classification based on IDH mutation and 1p/19q co-deletion status were recapitulated through analysis of DNA methylation profiles, which identified clinically relevant molecular subsets. A subtype of IDH mutant glioma was associated with DNA demethylation and poor outcome; a group of IDH-wild-type diffuse glioma showed molecular similarity to pilocytic astrocytoma and relatively favorable survival. Understanding of cohesive disease groups may aid improved clinical outcomes.

Supplementary Data Files

Associated Data Files

These data represent a data freeze from Jan 5, 2015. Please note that more recent data are available via the TCGA Data Portal.

The data are supported by different organizations. All data marked by [DCC] are DCC-validated archives. All data marked by [Supplementary] were created by the manuscript authors and you should contact the corresponding author for support.

Full Disease Sample List:

Exome Sequence BAM File References

Clinical - XML files containing biospecimen processing and clinical data


DNA Copy Number

Full mRNA expression combined from microarray (Agilent) and RNA-seq (Illumina HiSeq RNASeq V2)

RNA Expression from IlluminaHiseq RNASeqV2

Methylation from Illumina Infinium Human Methylation450 and Methylation27

Protein Expression

Additional Information