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Comprehensive molecular characterization of muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma

Cell 171, 1 - 17, October 19, 2017


We report a comprehensive analysis of 412 muscle-invasive bladder cancers characterized by multiple TCGA analytical platforms. Fifty-eight genes were significantly mutated, and the overall mutational load was associated with APOBEC-signature mutagenesis. Clustering by mutation signature identified a high-mutation subset with 75% 5-year survival. mRNA expression clustering refined prior clustering analyses and identified a poor-survival 'neuronal' subtype in which the majority of tumors lacked small cell or neuroendocrine histology. Clustering by mRNA, lncRNA, and miRNA expression converged to identify subsets with differential epithelial-mesenchymal transition status, carcinoma-in-situ scores, histologic features, and survival. Our analyses identified 5 expression subtypes that may stratify response to different treatments.

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